How to dynamically generate HTML code using .NET’s WebBrowser or mshtml.HTMLDocument?

Here is a beautiful way to get this work done without stressing yourself looking for so many solutions that may not even work at the end of the day.It may not always be possible to determine when the page has finished rendering with 100% probability. Some pages are quite complex and use continuous AJAX updates. But we can get quite close, by polling the page’s current HTML snapshot for changes and checking the WebBrowser.IsBusy property. That’s what LoadDynamicPage does below.

Some time-out logic has to be present on top of the above, in case the page rendering is never-ending (note CancellationTokenSource).

Async/await is a great tool for coding this, as it gives the linear code flow to our asynchronous polling logic, which greatly simplifies it.

It’s important to enable HTML5 rendering using Browser Feature Control, as WebBrowser runs in IE7 emulation mode by default. That’s what SetFeatureBrowserEmulation does below.

using Microsoft.Win32;
using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace WbFetchPage
{
    public partial class MainForm : Form
    {
        public MainForm()
        {
            SetFeatureBrowserEmulation();
            InitializeComponent();
            this.Load += MainForm_Load;
        }

        // start the task
        async void MainForm_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                var cts = new CancellationTokenSource(10000); // cancel in 10s
                var html = await LoadDynamicPage("https://www.google.com/#q=where+am+i", cts.Token);
                MessageBox.Show(html.Substring(0, 1024) + "..." ); // it's too long!
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
            }
        }

        // navigate and download 
        async Task<string> LoadDynamicPage(string url, CancellationToken token)
        {
            // navigate and await DocumentCompleted
            var tcs = new TaskCompletionSource<bool>();
            WebBrowserDocumentCompletedEventHandler handler = (s, arg) =>
                tcs.TrySetResult(true);

            using (token.Register(() => tcs.TrySetCanceled(), useSynchronizationContext: true))
            {
                this.webBrowser.DocumentCompleted += handler;
                try 
                {           
                    this.webBrowser.Navigate(url);
                    await tcs.Task; // wait for DocumentCompleted
                }
                finally
                {
                    this.webBrowser.DocumentCompleted -= handler;
                }
            }

            // get the root element
            var documentElement = this.webBrowser.Document.GetElementsByTagName("html")[0];

            // poll the current HTML for changes asynchronosly
            var html = documentElement.OuterHtml;
            while (true)
            {
                // wait asynchronously, this will throw if cancellation requested
                await Task.Delay(500, token); 

                // continue polling if the WebBrowser is still busy
                if (this.webBrowser.IsBusy)
                    continue; 

                var htmlNow = documentElement.OuterHtml;
                if (html == htmlNow)
                    break; // no changes detected, end the poll loop

                html = htmlNow;
            }

            // consider the page fully rendered 
            token.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();
            return html;
        }

        // enable HTML5 (assuming we're running IE10+)
        // more info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/18333982/1768303
        static void SetFeatureBrowserEmulation()
        {
            if (LicenseManager.UsageMode != LicenseUsageMode.Runtime)
                return;
            var appName = System.IO.Path.GetFileName(System.Diagnostics.Process.GetCurrentProcess().MainModule.FileName);
            Registry.SetValue(@"HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\FeatureControl\FEATURE_BROWSER_EMULATION",
                appName, 10000, RegistryValueKind.DWord);
        }
    }
}

I hope this was helpful.You can as well leave a comment below to know how we can help you again some other time.